As part of our celebration of the American Welding Society’scentennial, the Welding Journal plans to tell the stories ofevents and people from the Society’s past, as well as thosewho may contribute to its future. In this issue, we highlightAWS Student Chapters that are building the future of thewelding industry.
It’s a fact: students are the future of the welding industry.The American Welding Society (AWS) has long recognizedthis. That is why the organization encourages secondary andpostsecondary students, wanting to expand their weldingknowledge and take a more active role in their careers, to getmore involved in their local AWS Student Chapter.
There are more than 100 AWS Student Chapters locatedat schools across the country. The student chapter enablesmembers to meet other welding students and professionalsat Chapter meetings and local AWS Section meetings, as wellas at FABTECH and other events.
To highlight the centennial theme of “Honoring our Past,Embracing the Future,” the Welding Journal reached out to afew AWS Student Chapters that are working to provide a betterstanding for the next generation of welders going forward.
Pinckney Community High SchoolStudent Chapter
The AWS Pinckney Community High School (PCHS) StudentChapter, Pinckney, Mich., was founded by PCHS Manufacturingand Welding Program Instructor Mark Stein inMarch 2016. His goal was to build the welding program tomatch the high expectations of the school’s manufacturingprogram’s curriculum, applications, projects, and competitions. This Student Chapter is considered to be one of themost active in the AWS District 11.
“I personally have benefited from earning my CertifiedWelder, Certified Welding Inspector, and Certified WeldingEducator credentials and feel that establishing a Student
Chapter has been one of many positive avenues for my studentsto also start working toward similar goals,” said Stein.
The Chapter typically receives between 15 and 30 studentmembers per year. Through participation, memberslearn and sharpen the skills needed for a successful career in the welding industry.
Every spring, the AWS PCHS Student Chapter participatesin a department-wide career and technical education(CTE) open house that showcases students’ work throughoutthe year. “Our CTE open house and several studentwelding competitions have been a few things that benefitour Student Chapter’s activities,” explained Stein.
Student Chapter Advisor Stein makes sure to offer studentmembers networking opportunities. Student Chaptermembers participate yearly in local and state welding competitionssponsored by various schools and organizationssuch as the Washtenaw Community College High School,Boilermakers Local 169 High School, and Michigan Industrial
& Technical Education Society competitions. They alsolearn firsthand about the benefits of advanced manufacturingcapabilities and prospects upon graduation throughtours of local manufacturing facilities.
Additionally, the Chapter has played host to several guestspeakers, including, to name a few, District 11 DirectorPhillip Temple, Emily Fox from the Hobart Institute ofWelding Technology, U.S. Congresswoman Elissa Slotkin,U.S. Congressman Michael D. Bishop, and more — wherestudent members are able to learn about trade schools andpostsecondary options, as well as advantages of AWS membership,from experts in the welding industry. Members alsohave several opportunities to meet past graduates who arecurrently working in the industry.
“Hard work and effort contribute to the success of engagingstudents to the industrial standards and exceptions theywill face when entering the workforce, skill trades, and postsecondaryinstruction,” said Stein.
Welding Instructor Mark Stein (far left) and the AWS Pinckney Community High School Student Chapter toured local manufacturer TG Fluid Systems as part of annual Manufacturing Day celebrations.
Drake Well/Oil Region Student Chapter
When Will Wright attended a few AWS Drake Well Sectionmeetings six years ago, he believed that having a StudentChapter would aid students in Venango TechnologyCenter’s, Oil City, Pa., welding class, of which he was a seniorat the time, by giving them a chance to meet members ofthe local workforce and learn more about AWS. Wright approachedVenango Technology Center Welding InstructorsTravis Crate and Robert Fugate with an idea that would allowhis peers to sharpen the skills needed for a successful careerin the welding industry. With the guidance of Crate andFugate, the AWS Drake Well/Oil Region Student Chapterwas created.
Since its inception in 2013, the Student Chapter relieson a proactive method of student engagement to build itsChapter base. The 2018–2019 school year saw 27 members,and Student Chapter co-advisors Crate and Fugate will be recruitingnew members in the upcoming 2019–2020 schoolyear. The co-advisors relay all the avenues that being a member
of AWS can open for students as well as encourage themto continue their membership after they graduate and, accordingto Fugate, many do.
The AWS Drake Well/Oil Region Student Chapter, along with Drake Well Section Chair Travis Crate and Section Secretary Robert Fugate, participated in a field trip to the 2019 Cleveland Auto Show.
“We [Crate and Fugate] recruit members and talk toevery member of both our a.m. and p.m. classes and explainthe benefits of being a member of AWS,” said Fugate. “AllStudent members are invited to attend our Drake Well Sectionmeetings and when Drake Well schedules evening planttours, many of the student members attend. We encouragethem to interact with company representatives when theyattend Drake Well meetings and learn more about what isout there in the welding arena for them.”
The Chapter also conducts monthly meetings from Septemberthrough May. Crate and Fugate expose their studentsto Robert’s Rule of Order, which is a standard set ofrules to run orderly meetings with maximum fairness to allmembers.
“We hope to give the members of the Student Chapter achance to learn about how meetings are conducted; we hopeto introduce them to as many chances as possible to furthertheir career in the welding field,” said Fugate.
Members in the Chapter compete in yearly welding competitions.Earlier this year, members traveled to New Castle,Pa., to compete in the District 10 SkillsUSA FabricationTeam Competition. The team took first place at the districtlevel.
There is also a scheduled field trip at least once a year.This year, members of the Student Chapter traveled toCleveland, Ohio, to the 2019 Auto Show but, according to
Fugate, events that bring the most attendance and exposureto the industry are plant tours and tours of area weldingschools.
“This past school year, we toured Lincoln Electric’s newwelding school, a very state-of-the-art facility, and while wewere in Cleveland, we toured Ohio Technical College. We
work very closely with the Steamfitters Technical Center(Local #449), and we toured their facility in Harmony, Pa.,also,” said Fugate.
For the 2019–2020 school year, Fugate and Crate areworking to take the Chapter to FABTECH in Chicago.
“I hope to see this Student Chapter continue to grow andbecome more and more involved in the local community andin the welding industry,” affirmed Fugate.
LeTourneau University Student Chapter
Established in 1968, AWS LeTourneau University (then calledLeTourneau College) Student Chapter members watch a demonstration. Bill Kielhorn, longtime LeTourneau Universityprofessor, is pictured holding a paper. (Photo courtesy of LeTourneau University.)
With one of the first AWS Student Chapters, which wasestablished in 1968, LeTourneau University (then Le-Tourneau College), Longview, Tex., cites involvement as amajor part of student success and a key component to itsgrowth. From inception, Shane Goslin, AWS Student Chapteradvisor, drills into engineering and welding engineeringstudents how becoming an AWS Student Member opens alot of doors, especially through scholarships, which he heavilyencourages members to apply for.
“The Chapter’s growth is important to the university andits students’ development as young welding engineers whowill be joining the workforce in the near future. For some, it
has been the reason they got an internship,” he said.
The demand for well-trained welding engineers is at anall-time high, and Goslin tries to ensure Student Chaptermembers are given as many opportunities to meet professionalsand learn what their future may entail. The StudentChapter has hosted several students from local communitycolleges as well as various members and guest speakers fromAWS Sections. Goslin also sets up a joint meeting with theAWS East Texas Section as well as two local colleges with vocationalwelding programs at least once per semester.
“We try to bring in a lot of respected members from industryto set a high standard for our students and professionalism.
The past two years, we have hosted the currentAWS President (Tom [Lienert] and Dale [Flood], respectively)for a presentation on a topic of their choice. We havefound this to be an awesome way to hold joint meetings andbring in people from the area,” explained Goslin. Additionally,the Student Chapter plans socials, cookouts, and weldingcompetitions to get students more engaged with Chapterrelatedactivities.
Goslin is working to add AWS Student Chapter tours of localmanufacturing facilities to keep students engaged withwhat their futures may or may not look like when graduating
with a welding engineering-related degree from LeTourneau.
This also ensures students have the ability to sharpen theskills needed for a successful career in the industry.
The AWS Letourneau University Student Chapter hosted fellowstudents from Kilgore and Tyler Junior Community Colleges plus various members of the AWS East Texas Sectionto hear keynote speaker and past AWS District 7 DirectorUwe Aschemeier, who shared his experiences and insights asa senior welding engineer.
Future of the Industry
As students begin to navigate a field, which can offerprestige, security, and continuous employment with steadyadvancement, the formation of and participation in a StudentChapter can provide valuable experience for career andpersonal development for itsStudent Members. It also fulfillsan ever-growing opportunity for individual members.With their growth, Student Chapters are building thelifeblood and future of the industry.
Welding around the Farm
Basic Welding for Farm and Ranchhighlights essential tools and techniquesfor repairing and fabricatingfarm equipment. Author: William L.Galvery Jr. Editor: Michael Martindell.Publisher: Storey Publishing, 210 MASSMoCA Way, North Adams, MA 01247.ISBN: 978-1-61212-878-8; ebook978-1-61212-879-5. 256 pages.Copyright: 2019. Cost: U.S. $24.95.
This attractive-looking text isprinted on glossy paper stock. Itweighs in at about 2 lb. More than50% of the pages contain excellentphotographs and illustrations. Thereare eight chapters, as follows:
1. An overview of welding processes
2. General tools, materials, andsafety equipment
3. Oxyacetylene welding
4. Oxyacetylene cutting
5. Shielded metal arc welding
6. Wire-feed welding processes (gasmetal arc and flux cored arc welding)
7. Brazing and soldering
8. Welding tasks and tips.
All are followed by a glossary, metricconversions, and an index.There are many practical recommendationsrelating to farm projects.
However, the text is a little lackingwhen it comes to the technical andsafety aspects of welding. Some of theterms defined in the glossary areadapted from an obsolete edition ofthe American Welding Society’s(AWS’s) A3.0, Standard Terms and Definitions.As anexample, oxyfuel gastorches used to have two main hazards,namely backfire and flashback.For some time, this has been changedto three main hazards, namely backfire,flashback, and sustained backfire.Elsewhere (page 57), the authorincorrectly refers to the AmericanWelding Federation (AWF) as thesource of oxyacetylene welding forthis topic; there is no such organization.The correct source is AWS.Although the author is an AWSCertified Welding Educator, he fails touse recommended AWS terminologyfor the welding processes he writesabout. For example, MIG welding is anonstandard term for gas metal arcwelding. Also, on pages 95–101, hementions ground cable, which is anonstandard and incorrect term forworkpiece lead. Additionally, he incorrectlyuses the term ground clampinstead of workpiece connection.Elsewhere in the text, he incorrectlyuses ground where there is none. Ifthe workpiece lead was the groundlead, it would not be possible for the
welding operator to switch arc polarityfrom direct current electrode positiveto direct current electrode negative,or to alternating current. Aground connection is a connectionmade specifically for safety purposes.If there is to be a second editionpublished, the strong hand of aknowledgeable editor would be helpful.For example, on page 96, he
states, in part, “Heat from the electriccurrent causes the flux to combust[my underline] and …” Flux does notcombust, which means to burn orflame. Flux enters into the chemicalreactions in the arc zone, and providesa protective coating to themolten weld metal. Here, again, heuses the nonstandard term stick weldingfor shielded metal arc welding. AnAWS Certified Welding Educatorshould use the terminology recommended
Safe practices are covered in a limitedway. There is no reference to themajor safety standards, specificallyAmerican National Standard InstituteZ49.1, Safety in Welding, Cutting, andAllied Processes, and National FireProtection Association 51B, Standardfor Fire Protection During Welding,Cutting, and Other Hot Work. Thesetwo standards are the basis for theOccupational Safety and Health Administrationwelding and cuttingregulations.
A final example of why the stronghand of a knowledgeable editor isneeded for the next edition is the instructionon page 59, which states asfollows: “…if the cylinder is emptyand contains no residual vapors, ventit to atmosphere by opening a valve,hatch, or bung, or by carefully drillinga hole…” Never drill a hole in a cylinder.If the author meant to say container,instead of cylinder, it is hopeda knowledgeable editor would havecaught such a crucial error.There are other technical misstatementsthat should be corrected in thenext edition. However, there isenough practical information for the
reader to find this text to be of someuse on a farm or ranch.
BY AUGUST F. MANZ
Basic Welding for Farm and Ranchhighlights essential tools and techniquesfor repairing and fabricatingfarm equipment. Author: William L.Galvery Jr. Editor: Michael Martindell.Publisher: Storey Publishing, 210 MASSMoCA Way, North Adams, MA 01247.ISBN: 978-1-61212-878-8; ebook978-1-61212-879-5. 256 pages.Copyright: 2019. Cost: U.S. $24.95.AUGUST F. MANZ is an AWS Fellowbased in Union, N.J.